What is a Ventricular Septal Defect?
A ventricular septal defect is a hole that exists in the wall separating two lower chambers of the heart. This part is known as the ventricles and the disease is a common heart condition that can be present in infants when they’re born.
A VSD or a ventricular septal defect closure surgery is a surgery commonly used to close up the hole that exists in the septum. This surgery can only be performed if the hole is of an adequate size which cannot be managed with the help of medication or catheterization.
The procedure involved
When there is a VSD closure, it performed it is done very systematically. The cardiac surgeon closes the gap with the help of a patch. This patch can be either taken from the patient’s pericardium or can be a synthetic one. The success rate associated with a VSD closure is extremely high and very few patients actually have any rare complications like excessive bleeding or a heart blockage.
It’s important that you don’t shy away from the surgery because of any complications that may occur. This is because these side effects can actually be very effectively taken care of with the help of a blood transfusion or pacemaker implantation. All patients are discharged very soon, within three to five days of the surgery, after which they can lead a normal happy life again. The cost of VSD treatment in indiais usually covered by health insurances so you don’t have to worry about the funds.
There is a belief among people who know about VSD, that it is dangerous and that it always requires a surgical procedure. Adults who have VSD and parents of children with VSD must understand and read the lesser known facts given below to understand and participate better in the decision making process.
- Some patients who have VSD, end up living a normal life. It’s not necessary that all patients with VSD will experience unusual symptoms. A lot of them will live life normally like healthy individuals. If the patient has a hole that measures less than 2mm then chances are that they will not face problems throughout their lives. However if it’s greater than 2mm then there can be some of the common symptoms like irregular heartbeat, breathlessness and sweating excessively.
- Everyone does not require treatment: Some asymptomatic patients who have VSD may not require any treatment at all. Catheterization, medications and VSD closure surgery is applied only for a few cases who have a given number of symptoms. If you’re an asymptomatic patient who has VSD, going to the doctor regularly for check ups will suffice.However you must go for the check up regularly to make sure that the VSD doesn’t get out of hand.
- There are particular identified VSD groups: Children who are born to family with a history of heart problems are more likely to encounter VSD when they are born than the ones who don’t have such members. Also, children born with genetic conditions and heart problems like Down’s syndrome and Edward’s syndrome are very likely to develop VSD