The Role of Physiotherapy


In physiotherapy, skilled and trained professionals treat and evaluate abnormal physical functions resulting from an injury, disease, disability, or condition. A physiotherapist is basically a licensed and trained medical professional with the experience in diagnosing and treating physical abnormalities, physical function maintenance, the restoration of physical function, and involves in promoting proper function and physical activity.

These trained professionals can be found in a range of healthcare settings including hospitals, offices, private practices, nursing homes, rehab centers, fitness settings, home health, schools, government agencies, and sports.

What to Expect from Physiotherapy

A physiotherapist helps the patient in all the phases of healing, from the diagnosis to the preventive stages of recovery. Physiotherapy may support other treatment, or it can be a standalone option. Some of the patients are referred to a therapist by the doctor, and some seek therapy themselves. In physiotherapy a patient can expect to:

  • Receive a prognosis, diagnosis, short and long-term goals, and a plan of care.
  • A physical evaluation and exam, includingcertain testing procedure and a healthy history, evaluation of movement, posture, and flexibility of joint motion, muscle, or performance.
  • Receive recommendation of self-management.
  • Receive physical treatment and interventions that are based on the evaluation and diagnosis.


Physiotherapists have the ability to treat a wide range of medical conditions, depends upon personal specialty.

Some of the medical conditions that can be treated are:

  • Trigger finger and carpal tunnel syndrome can be treated through hand therapy.
  • Conditions related to cardiopulmonary, such as chronic obstructive cystic fibrosis, pulmonary diseases, or post-myocardial infarction.
  • Conditions like spinal cord injuries, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, traumatic brain injuries, and vestibular dysfunction.
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction and women’s health, such as lymphedema and urinary incontinence.

Other conditions include diabetic ulcers, burns, and wound care.

The Advantages of Physiotherapy

Depending on the treatment, the benefits of the physiotherapy include:

  • Improved movement and mobility.
  • Reduced need for opioids with pain management.
  • Surgery prevention.
  • Recovery from paralysis or stroke.
  • Recovery from trauma or injury.
  • Fall prevention.
  • Age-related medical problems management.
  • Balance Improvement.

There are also sports therapists who can help a player to maximise the performance by using different exercises and by strengthening specific body parts. This is possible by using the muscles in new ways.

Types of Physiotherapy

Some of the types of physiotherapy are as follows:

Orthopedic: This physiotherapy treats musculoskeletal injuries, bones, fascia’s, ligaments, and tendons. It is also suitable for the medical conditions such as sprains, fractures, chronic medical problems, tendonitis, and rehabilitation.

Geriatric Physical Therapy:This can help the older patients who develop the conditions that can affect the physical function, mobility,Alzheimer’s disease, osteoporosis, arthritis, and joint replacement. This type of physiotherapy helps in restoring mobility, increasing physical fitness, and reducing pain.

Pulmonary rehabilitation and Cardiovascular: This can help people affected by surgical procedures and cardiopulmonary conditions. Treatment can increase stamina and physical endurance.

Finding a physical therapist may include various factors such as specialty, insurance acceptance, geographic location, and reason of treatment.